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Type 2 diabetes: Study predicts ‘startling’ rise in disease among young people in America

Type 2 diabetes: Study predicts ‘startling’ rise in disease among young people in America

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A new pattern study is raising alarm after finding that the number of young people in the United States with diabetes will increase by nearly 700 percent over the next 40 years.

The study, titled “Predictions of Burden of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in the US population under 20 years of age by 2060: The SEARCH for diabetes in youth was published in the journal Diabetes Care on December 29, 2022.

The study authors estimate that there may be 220,000 people under the age of 20 with Type 2 diabetes in 2060 — an increase of around 675% on the number of young people with type 2 diabetes in 2017.

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“This new research should serve as a wake-up call for us all. It is vital that we focus our efforts to ensure that all Americans, especially our young people, are as healthy as possible,” said CDC Acting Principal Deputy Director Debra Khoury, MD, MPH, in a statement released Dec. 29 .

Khoury added, “This study further underscores the importance of continued efforts to prevent and manage chronic disease not only for our current population, but also for future generations.”

People with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar to make sure it is at a safe level.
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Type 1 diabetes mellitus, or type 1 diabetes, was formerly known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.

There is no known cause, and it is suspected to be related to genetic or environmental factors, notes the Mayo Clinic website.

People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin and must take insulin to survive.

Type 2 diabetes refers to a condition in which a person’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin and the cells become resistant to insulin.

People are usually diagnosed with type 1 diabetes as children; however, it can occur at any age, according to the Mayo Clinic.

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In contrast, type 2 diabetes mellitus, or type 2 diabetes, used to be called adult-onset diabetes, notes the Mayo Clinic website.

it is associated with obesity and inaction.

Type 2 diabetes refers to a condition in which a person’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin and the cells become resistant to insulin.

This causes a person’s blood sugar to rise, which can be dangerous over time, the Mayo Clinic says.

Diet and exercise are two ways people can manage type 2 diabetes, the Mayo Clinic says.

Diet and exercise are two ways people can manage type 2 diabetes, the Mayo Clinic says.
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This condition cannot be cured.

However, it can be managed with medication, proper diet and exercise.

In the study, researchers found that if the 2017 incidence rate of all types of diabetes among young people remained the same until 2060, the total number of young diabetics would rise from 213,000 to 239,000 – an increase of 12%.

In the last two decades, however, the number of young people with type 2 diabetes has increased significantly, the CDC said.

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The CDC believes that the “increasing prevalence of childhood obesity” as well as the “presence of diabetes in people of childbearing age” may be two reasons why the number of young type 2 diabetics has increased so rapidly.

People with type 2 diabetes may need the help of medication to better control their blood sugar.

People with type 2 diabetes may need the help of medication to better control their blood sugar.
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When the percentage increase in the number of young people with type 2 diabetes between 2002 and 2017 was applied to future generations, the researchers found that the number of young diabetics could reach 526,000.

“The increase in diabetes — especially among young people — is always alarming, but these numbers are alarming,” said Christopher Holliday, director of the CDC’s Diabetes Translational Division, in the CDC’s press release about the study.

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Race and ethnicity are thought to play a role, the study said.

It found that there is likely to be a “greater burden of type 2 diabetes for black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaskan youth.”

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“This study’s startling predictions of an increase in type 2 diabetes show why it is critical to achieve health equity and reduce the widespread disparities that already impact people’s health,” Holliday said.


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